Die Grube "Bausberg" I und II in Kehrig
Pit Bausberg I and II in Kehrig.
Until a few decades ago, slate mining dominated large parts of our region as far as the Moselle. The population of the local church Kehrig lived to a large extent from the work in the resident slate mines Bausberg I and Bausberg II.
Even today, the many shining slate roofs, especially in the villages of the eastern Eifel, and the Mayen-based, national school for roofing craftsmanship prove this tradition.
The history of the mine Bausberg I and II:
As early as Roman times slates were known to be broken in the Eifel, and at the beginning of 1800, at Napoleon's time, a mining engineer named Timolcon wrote in a "Statistical Description of the Mineral Riches of the Rhine and Moselle" that it would have been a hundred years ago, ie around 1700 , in the Eifel given the slate mining. At that time the products had to be laboriously brought to the Rhine for loading by horse-drawn carriages. The sales flourished better than was completed in 1880 on the railway line Andernach- Mayen and thus also the local slate mines received cheaper loading connections.
The two slate mining areas "Bausberg I" and "Bausberg II" in Kehrig were in operation until the middle / end of the 20th century. The ups and downs of the work was very changeable, especially due to unfavorable traffic conditions, the 18th and 19th centuries were bad years for slate production in the Eifel. This emerges from a specialist work of the sweeper Alexander Hilgert, which was published in 1996 on the topic "The economic importance of shale mining for the Mayen region in its development". It can also be seen that there was a heyday in the middle and end of the 19th century until the beginning of the 20th century. At that time, the opencast mine was transferred to underground mining, among others. with steam engine insert. Although the Kehriger pit "Bausberg I" was already built in 1882 to the underground mine, it was initially unable to gain in economic importance. Only in 1895 was an extension here, since from then on in nearby Kaisersesch a station was available. The number of employees increased twice over the course of two years, and almost four times over five years (1899: 150 workers). The slate mines at Kehrig were at this time an important economic factor in the surrounding communities dar. The miners came here mainly from the communities Kehrig and Düngenheim. At the turn of the 19th / 20th century In the 20th century, more than 100 families were dependent on the Schiefergruben Bausberg.
In the post-war years of World War II, from around the middle of the 20th century onwards, slate mining in the region again became more important, as the war-torn Germany also needed roofing slate to rebuild the cities. However, it went down a little later with the slate mining in the Eifel downhill, so that in 1958 the pit "Bausberg I" and finally in 1975 the pit "Bausberg II" were closed. (Source: Ortschronik Kehrig)